Episode 5: Centum, Satem and the Letter C

A look at the early division of the Indo-European languages into the Centum and Satem languages.  The sound shift which marks the division of the Centum and Satem languages is then explored in the context of the modern English letter ‘C’. The history of the letter C is presented from its Greek origins to its modern usage.

6 thoughts on “Episode 5: Centum, Satem and the Letter C

  1. The Old English word cyning “king” is not pronounced /kining/ but [ˈkyniŋɡ]. The vowel as it still exists in today’s French mur or German müde.

    • You are correct about the pronunciation of ‘king.’ At the time I prepared this episode, I wasn’t particularly concerned about the specific pronunciations of the Old English vowels (and I mentioned that fact in a couple of episodes). However, as I started to transition into the Old English period around episode 27, I became more concerned about the pronunciation of Old English. So I think you will find that the pronunciation is a bit more accurate once you get to those episodes. (Not perfect, just a bit more accurate.)

  2. When the Fijian language was being written down, several letters of the alphabet were reassigned. D became ND as in Nadi and B became MB as in Bula. Biblical names are modified, David becomes Tevita and Elisabeth becomes Lisapeti. G sounds like the NG in singer and Q like the NG in finger. The island of Gau sounds like Now. The drink which the Polynesians call Kava is called Yaqona by the Fijians, But most significantly C sounds like the TH in the. There is no F or J in Fijian. The homeland is VITI.

  3. Kevin, this is a wonderful podcast. Thank you. I look forward to continuing. The question that comes to mind when listening to this podcast is that of ‘ck’ and where that fits. Is this covered in a bonus episode of answering our questions. If so, I wait with baited breath.
    Thanks again,

    • Hi Anna. I touch a little bit on the development of the ‘C-K’ spelling in “Episode 89: ‘I Before E’ and All That.” I discuss the evolution of that spelling the context of short vowel sounds.

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